Holocaust survivors have lingering health impacts

Holocaust survivors have lingering health impacts

Reviewed by Emily Henderson, B.Sc.Apr 8 2021

The damaging effects of life under Nazi rule have long been known with many victims having experienced periods of protracted emotional and physical torture, malnutrition and mass exposure to disease. But recent research from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem show that even for those who survived, their health and mortality continued to be directly impacted long after the end of the Holocaust.

The study, led by Drs. Iaroslav Youssim and Hagit Hochner from the School of Public Health at the Faculty of Medicine and published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, investigated mortality rates from specific diseases over the course of many years among Israel-based Holocaust survivors.

Related Stories

  • The Dream Team opens clinical trial to find better treatment options for pancreatic cancer
  • Researchers explore link between intestinal microbiota with colon cancer in patients with Lynch Syndrome
  • New technologies can screen for cervical cancer better than Pap smears

The researchers analyzed death records of approximately 22,000 people who were followed-up from 1964 to 2016 and compared the rates of mortality from cancer and heart disease among survivors to the rates in individuals who did not live under Nazi occupation.

Among women survivors, the study found a 15% higher rate of overall mortality and a 17% higher chance of dying from cancer. Among men, while overall death rates of the survivors were not different from those of the unexposed, mortality from cancer during the studied period was 14% higher among the survivor population and remarkably the rate of mortality from heart disease was 39% higher.

Our research showed that people who experienced life under Nazi rule early in life, even if they were able to successfully migrate to Israel and build families, continued to face higher mortality rates throughout their lives. This study supports prior theories that survivors are characterized by general health resilience combined with vulnerabilities to specific diseases.” Hochner added, “These findings reflect the importance of long-term monitoring of people who have experienced severe traumas and elucidates mortality patterns that might emerge from those experiences.”

Dr. Iaroslav Youssim, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Source

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *